Founded by John D. Rockefeller, the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research was incorporated on June 14, 1901. It was the first institution in the United States devoted solely to biomedical research--to understanding the underlying causes of disease.
Today, renamed Rockefeller University, it is one of the foremost research centers in the world, contributing to 24 Nobel Prizes as well as numerous other awards. In its first century of accomplishment, Rockefeller was a leader in basic scientific research and graduate education. Among their many breakthroughs, world-renowned scientists at Rockefeller have:
• Discovered that genes are made of DNA. • Found the Rh factor in blood. • Pioneered the physiology and chemistry of vision. • Demonstrated the connection between cholesterol and heart disease. • Developed vaccines against meningitis. • Introduced methadone to manage heroin addiction. • Discovered that distribution of proteins to various cellular compartments is accomplished by a "ZIP code" system.