The International Legal Foundation (the ILF), is a not-for-profit public defender organization, created to assist in the establishment of fair criminal justice systems in post-conflict countries. It is guided by two fundamental principles: (i) laws must be drafted with an appreciation of the cultural realities of the country in which they will function, and (ii) defense lawyers -- as guardians of due process -- are indispensable to any fair system of justice and must be provided to anyone accused of a crime. To realize these principles, the ILF sets up public defender offices in post-conflict countries or partners with an existing NGO using a pioneering model of mentoring and on-the-job training for local lawyers. The organization is currently implementing one project, ILF-Afghanistan (formerly known as Legal Aid Afghanistan) and beginning work in Nepal, working with a local NGO, Advocacy Forum (ILF-in-Nepal). The ILF grew out of two privately funded justice-related projects: Legal Aid Rwanda and the International Law Project, the precursor of ILF-Afghanistan, at the Afghan University, in Peshawar, Pakistan.