PEN America is the largest of the 141 centers of International PEN, the world's oldest human rights organization and the oldest international literary organization. International PEN was founded in 1921 to dispel national, ethnic, and racial hatreds and to promote understanding among all countries. PEN America, founded a year later, works to advance literature, to defend free expression, and to foster international literary fellowship. PEN has a membership of 4,200 distinguished writers, editors, and translators. In addition to defending writers in prison or in danger of imprisonment for their work, PEN America sponsors public literary programs and forums on current issues, sends prominent authors to inner-city schools to encourage reading and writing, administers literary prizes, promotes international literature that might otherwise go unread in the United States, and offers grants and loans to writers facing financial or medical emergencies. In carrying out this work, PEN America builds upon the achievements of such dedicated past members as W. H. Auden, James Baldwin, Willa Cather, Robert Frost, Langston Hughes, Thomas Mann, Arthur Miller, Marianne Moore, Susan Sontag, and John Steinbeck.
PEN supports and encourages a more vigorous community of letters, consisting of both writers and readers through:
• programs defending freedom of expression and access to literature
• educational programs encouraging a greater appreciation of literature